A lot of people across the globe suffer from a skin related problem called pigmentation. Although there are a variety of pigmentation treatments available these days which can effectively cure the disease, but it is also important to understand as to what exactly causes this problem.
Pigmentation is basically a result of excessive production of melanin by melanocytes. Melanocytes are basically pigment producing cells which help determine the color of our skin. The higher their number, the darker our skin will be and vice versa. As far as the production of pigments called melanin is concerned, it primarily depends on the exposure of skin to sun rays. When you are out in the sun, your skin starts producing melanin in order to protect it from the harmful UV rays.
Some areas of a human’s body are darker than the rest of the body. This is because of the excessive deposition of melanin in such areas, which is also termed as hyperpigmentation in medical terms. Hypopigmentation is another skin related condition which is caused by the loss of melanin pigments in the skin.
Hyperpigmentation is usually the result of skin’s sensitiveness which sometimes triggers excessive melanin production. This is caused by the stimulation of skin’s protective system, leading to certain ugly dark spots in the skin. A variety of factors are responsible for hyperpigementation such as UV radiation, hormonal imbalance, trauma to the skin, etc.
Fortunately, there are certain pigmentation treatments at skin care clinic, Auckland which can help wipe of or reduce the problem to a great extent. Just make sure that you choose the right one.